Anal warts are small growth that appears around and well as inside the anal area. The human papillomavirus(HPV) is a virus that causes anal warts that the doctors may refer to as condylomas.
These are the strains that are more likely to cause anal cancer. Also, it is very rare for anal warts order to indicate the presence of cancer. Anal warts are not always causing the symptoms. Well, some may notice a growth of small bumps and growths around the area as well as some bleeding.
Today, in this article, you will get to know how to identify anal warts and when you should see a doctor. We will also put forward the treatment options
Symptoms of anal warts:
Well, in most cases, the anal warts are painless and the person might be unaware if they have them or not. If the symptoms might occur, then it might include:
- Bumps near of inside the anal opening are usually light brown or are skin-colored.
- When there is some growth that resembles small cauliflowers that are around the anus.
- When there is a mucus-like discharge around the anus
- Any sores on that area of the skin.
- The sensation of having a lump or something that is similar in the anal area.
You must know that it is very easy to mistake from hemorrhoids. Let us now see what are the causes of anal warts.
Causes of anal warts:
HPV is the main reason why you face anal warts and there are many strains of the virus. Manly the 90 percent of anal warts occur due to the HPV types of 6 or 11. These strains can also cause warts on the area other than the anus such as the eyes, nose, mouth, and nose.
HPV strains such as the 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35 with the lesions that might become cancerous. Well, in most cases, people are going to get anal warts when they have anal intercourse with the same person who has HPV.
The virus can also transmit and cause anal warts through hand to anal contact or the anal area being exposed to someone’s bodily fluids that contain the virus. If you have it, then the question arises whether do anal warts go away.
Are anal warts contagious?
Well, the anal warts are contagious and it is also worth noting that the HPV is contagious even when it does not cause any warts. Even if the person is undergoing treatment for anal warts, the virus can pass from them to someone else.
People who have a weak immune system are very vulnerable to infections. They may have a higher risk of getting HPV if they are exposed to the virus.
The person with HIV may wish to speak with the doctor about the ways to reduce the HPV risk. this might include attending regular screenings.
The doctor is going to recommend you different options for anal warts that depend on the number size, and the symptoms. There are times when the body clears the underlying virus or the warts are going to go away on their own. If the person is not eager to start the treatment right away.
The doctor may recommend waiting and examining what might happen and then will treat it accordingly. It is very important to note that HPV can stay dormant in the body for many years.
Even if the person undergoes treatment, the anal warts are going to come back.
Let us now read about different kinds of treatment:
If there are some symptoms such as rectal bleeding or the sores are mild or if the warts are small, then the doctor may recommend a topical medication in order to kill warts.
The person can buy the anal warts medications over the counter but they must not be used in the anal area where the skin is very delicate. Only use the treatments which are approved by the doctor and then follow all the instructions very carefully.
Burning or freezing:
The doctor can also apply liquid nitrogen in order to remove anal warts. This is going to freeze the wart tissue that will cause it to fall off.
Also, the doctor may apply a solution of acid that will destroy or at least cauterize the wart tissue.
If the anal warts are large in size are located internally, then the doctor is going to recommend surgery. This is going to take place under general anesthesia. If removing the warts is necessary, then the doctor is going to recommend more than one surgery that will allow for the healing time.
The person might have to take several days off from their work once they are up for the surgical removal. The person might need some pain relief medication or the doctor is going to prescribe you something stronger.
A final thought:
People usually develop these anal warts are because of having sex with someone who has HPV. at times anal warts might not cause any symptoms but they are there and they can cause bleeding and be severe.
Anyone who is suffering from anal warts should see a doctor for treatment immediately.