Up until you reach the highest feasible level, each level depends on the one below and gets deeper, more difficult, and intellectually taxing.
So how does Bloom’s Taxonomy operate and how might it enhance classroom instruction? Together, let’s climb the pyramid.
Learning That Progresses To Greater Levels
In Bloom’s Taxonomy, there are six categories of knowledge: Remember, Understand, Apply, Analyze, Evaluate, and Create. Deeper, more intricate, and more cognitively taxing knowledge and skills develop as you advance up the framework.
The breakdown is as follows:
Recalling fundamental information, procedures, techniques, or patterns were required at this early level.
This level reflects how well the students have absorbed the concepts and information from the first level. They won’t always be able to understand the full consequences or their information or be able to connect it to other stuff at this point.
Learners ought to be able to apply their information and understanding in specific circumstances at this level of thinking.
At this level of thought, new structures or ideas are produced by fusing various concepts or components.
What’s the big deal, then?
The developers of Bloom’s Taxonomy set out to create it in order to evaluate college student performance more accurately. Beyond only evaluation, however, teachers rapidly discovered that it was helpful in structuring and planning instruction in classes at all levels:
Arranging Standards In A Curriculum
Which standards should you cover first? By comparing which standards are more closely aligned with lower-level stages like Remember and Understand to those that are more strongly aligned with higher-level stages like Analyze and Create, this framework helps outline the order of learning in curriculum maps, unit plans, and lesson plans.
Creating Appropriate Assessments
For pupils at the Remember level, true-or-false or multiple-choice questions may be the most efficient; but an essay? Not the best strategy, probably. With the use of this framework, teachers may better create tests that represent students’ current knowledge and skills as well as what they should be able to do.
Closing The Knowledge Gap
Understanding where students are in their learning process and where they should be at the end of the lesson, unit, or grade level aids in determining the types of learning activities, textbooks, and exams that will be most beneficial for both teachers and students.
Working With Other Teachers
How will the learning process go as pupils change between subjects or advance to the next grade? Bloom’s Taxonomy offers a framework or scaffolding for learning that can assist in establishing expectations for growth over the course of a student’s whole academic career at your institution.
Implementing The Bloom’s Taxonomy In Your Classroom
What does Bloom’s Taxonomy look like in practice when it is successfully applied in a classroom? Here is an example of how each section of a curriculum map incorporates it:
- Standards: Match the standards you are teaching to the correct taxonomy level
- Sequence: Arrange your criteria so that during the year, they go from lower levels to higher levels.
- Content: Organize the essential ideas, events, and information you’ll be teaching, working your way up to higher-level thinking.
- Skills: Outline the tasks that students should be able to complete at the end of the year using verbs that correspond to the correct taxonomy level.
- Assessments: Evaluate student learning using techniques that correspond to the difficulty of each level.
- Activities: Create in-class activities that advance students from one level to the next while advancing their knowledge and mastery.
- Resources: Carefully choose out worksheets, guides, videos, textbooks, etc. that correspond to the student’s current levels and future goals.
- Asking questions at the conclusion of class that reflects students’ comprehension of the subject matter and their advancement toward your objectives will help you determine whether they have attained the class objectives.
- Consider the timelines involved in advancing students from one level of knowledge or competence to the next.
- A pacing guide can help ensure that students advance through the taxonomy and meet the deadlines you’ve set for them
The greatest utility of Bloom’s Taxonomy, however, is adaptability. It helps to ensure that our students will recall, understand, apply, analyze, evaluate, and create their way to mastery by viewing Bloom’s Taxonomy as a tool in our teaching toolboxes or as a framework off of which we can hang lessons, learning activities, units, or entire curricula.