It’s almost the end of January and at this time, parents of older preschool children are concerned that their little ones know as much as possible. They counted, read, spoke a foreign language… But adults forget about psychological preparation.
What to pay attention to?
An important quality of schooling is will. It is she who makes a person give up “I want” for the sake of “I must”. Also, its tasks include inhibition of undesirable behavior. In this case, the child knows “I want to, but I can’t.” For example, it stops him from doing pranks.
Volitional qualities do not appear from the moment of birth. They are formed under the influence of the external environment. With the correct work of adults, the child develops courage, determination, independence, and other personality traits.
In the absence of volitional qualities, a preschooler is noted for laziness, stubbornness, and restraint. Swearing and scolding are useless – they will only cause negativism. The education of the will is a complex process and it is impossible to influence it directly.
But you can act indirectly. In this case, parents take a direct part in the pedagogical process. Do not expect instant results – the formation of the will takes place over time.
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First of all, parents must lead by example. You can use a personal example to explain what it is to overcome difficulties. For example, if dad decides to quit his job, then the family will not have money. Or mom has to solve different problems. Stories about real heroes help a lot. For example, the pioneers who fought on an equal footing with adults during the Great Patriotic War. You can use different fairy-tale characters who will fall into artificial situations. The task of the child is to tell what the hero should do and why.
It is important to allow preschoolers to overcome difficulties on their own. The golden rule of parenting: never do for a child what he can do for himself. For example, collect toys, put things in the closet or make the bed.
It is important to cultivate moral attitudes. For example, a child is taught not only to evaluate actions as good and bad but also to predict their consequences. For example, if a cat is pulled by the tail, it will be painful and unpleasant for him. Therefore, you can’t do that.
Different games allow the preschooler to understand the rules. Both desktop (lotto, checkers, “walkers”) and mobile ones are suitable. The more often the baby participates in such activities, the faster he will learn the understanding of other people’s boundaries.
From an early age, the child is taught the regime of the day. After waking up, he should go to wash, brush his teeth, get dressed, etc. At first, it passes under the control of an adult, but gradually it decreases. It is important to educate the preschooler on the need for rituals.
The key point in the development of strong-willed qualities – promised? Do It. Therefore, parents should be responsible for their words. Otherwise, they will lose credibility in the eyes of the child.