Protecting heritage and archaeological buildings for future generations by conservator-restorer. Represents a real challenge for developers and architects. And there are many ways to preserve archaeological buildings. Introduce their historical context, and use them to revitalize the heritage. And cultural values of different societies because the architectural heritage is often damaged. As a result of negligence, or wrong restoration methods.
Architectural heritage has a close relationship with architecture programs. Conservator-restorer teaches how to deal with heritage or archaeological buildings. In a way that preserves the original design, and evaluates the importance of the monument. And its historical context, which should form the core of the restoration process.
The restoration operations are carried out according to more than one engineering plan. Depending on the type, date, and condition of the monument. Among these architectural plans, the monument remains in its current condition and preserves its final form. The second plan depends on addressing the causes of deterioration. While strengthening the entire facility, the building can also be reused. Again, as a way to preserve it, the last plan is to return the building. To its original shape at the time of its construction.
Restoration remains, in the end, a cure for what has already been sabotaged. The effect may be repaired and brought back to life. But the uniqueness and beauty of what has been lost will never be recovered. So preserving antiquity and dealing with it. With the greatest attention remains the best choice before heading to restoration. And here is a look at some Ancient buildings that have been restored to life again.
Hiroshima in Japan lost many of its cultural and archaeological sites. When the atomic bomb fell on it, and among the archaeological sites that were damaged. Was the 500-year-old Hiroshima Castle, and the main building of the castle was reconstructed in 1957. And the building is currently a museum covering the history of Hiroshima before the war. The visitor can see the remains of the old buildings. They were adjacent to the main building before the Big Bang.
North of Paris, Reims Cathedral is as old as Notre Dame. It was built in 1275 on the site of the old church that was destroyed by fire in 1211. The cathedral caught fire again in 1481, and the fire destroyed the bell tower and the roof, but it was quickly restored again.
The cathedral was also damaged again during the First World War. After a German attack that damaged the windows and the facade, and then it was restored again.
The cathedral caught fire again in 2019, damaged and still closed to the public. But in the future, the 2019 fire will be just a new chapter in its history.
The Portuguese city of Lisbon was completely destroyed in 1755. In one of the deadliest earthquakes in history. As a result of this large cracks opened in the streets. The port overflowed the city, and the city was burned by hundreds of candles. Lit for Halloween moments before the earthquake began.
The Ribera Palace housed the Royal Library and a number of irreplaceable paintings. Then the palace and library were restored, with some decorative details changed. But the design was done in the style of the old palace while preserving the original form as much as possible.
Cathedral of Christ the Savior
In the early days of the Soviet Union, many cathedrals were demolished. Due to anti-religious campaigns, including the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Where Soviet leaders chose the site of the church as a place to build the governor’s palace.
After the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, the government began rebuilding many churches. Including the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, which was rebuilt in 1994 according to the exact design of the original architect.
The Umayyad Mosque is considered one of the oldest monuments in the city of Aleppo, and it is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The mosque was affected by the war that took place in Syria, its historical library was burned, and its historical minaret collapsed.